The Uncorrupt Bureaucracy

The uncorrupt bureaucracy is a hierarchical organisation structure  where the managers work for the organisation, not for themselves.

One of my theories about how to create this organisation form is that managers should be like the other employees, in a role where they are supposed to reach agreements with the members of their group about the work. If they are not able to reach an agreement there is a conflict resolution mechanism to assure that the decision taken is in the best interest of the organisation as a whole. The conflict could be solved in a group with labor union and principal representatives, for example. The manager could be allowed to take temporary decisions, valid until the conflict is resolved.

According to my experience, in the corrupt bureaucracy, the persons recruited are nearly always less powerful than the recruiting manager – younger, less experienced, less educated and/or less intelligent. Most often the person recruited is also less powerful than everyone in the group or at least less powerful than all involved in the recruitment process.

In the uncorrupt bureacracy we should instead recruit the best person for the job. We should try to assure that the recruiters and the persons involved in the recruitment are not able to, through politics, manipulate the process so that the person recruited is less powerful than they are.

My best idea of how to do this is to use carefully selected recruiters and senior, very intelligent experts in the field to take the hiring decision.

It is important that the recruiter is able to see people as they are, without manipulating the picture to suit his own personality. I think the recruiter must also be an experienced and very intelligent person with a good education. I think his skills as recruiter should be approved by experts.

 

The Currupt Bureaucracy

We are all overwhelmed with information. It is not possible to remember all, to use all this information to change our world view, our values and our behavior. To retain stability I think we all basically assume that everything we know is correct, that we know everything we need to know, that we do everything in the best possible way and that no one can hurt us because we know everything we need to know about our surroundings. We think we are omniscient, infallible and invulnerable. We are only able to change at a certain extent. We change if we want to or if we are forced.

In normal relations with others we can search information and use it to change ourselves or we can be forced by others to change ourselves.

If one person in a relationship is much more powerful than the other, the more powerful person often uses this power to resist change. He can then not be forced to change. He can also use his power to force others to change even if they are not wrong, don’t do anything wrong or do not act in a way that is dangerous. In my experience this is what managers often do. They force their world view on others. I see this as a kind of corruption on a personal relationship level. The manager is supposed to have normal relations with his subordinates in which both are prepared to change if they are wrong, but instead he misuses his power and forces his subordinates to treat him as if he was omniscient, infallible and invulnerable.

I use the term Corrupt Bureaucracies to describe organisations in which managers behave this way.

In a natural group, like a group of friends, the leader is usually leader because he has the support of powerful members of the group.

In a natural group challenges against the leader is common. If he loses the support of the group he is not a leader any more. If he is wrong, he has to change.

In the corrupt bureaucracy if you question the leaders omniscience, infallibility or invulnerability the leader uses his power to resist change.

Leaders in corrupt bureaucracies are afraid of losing their power, so when they recruit, they do not select the person who is best at doing the job, they select someone considerably less powerful than themselves. Someone who is younger, less intelligent, less experienced and/or less educated.

The result of this hiring strategy is that at the bottom of the hierarchy the employees have to be very much younger, less intelligent, less experienced and/or less educated than the chief executive officer. According to my experience, if the hierarchy is high, the recruits are seldom able to  even do the job. The incompetence requirements are also reflected in the wages. For the wages paid it is often not possible to get anyone able to do the job. To get the job done, a contractor has to be used.

The contractor is less of a threat to the manager than an employee, because, at least in Sweden, employees are hard to fire but contracts can normally be terminated on short notice.

Contractors are also supposed to have a narrow view on their specific task. They are not supposed to build relations and have opinions about things unrelated to this task. If they stay in their role they are not a threat to the manager.

When the subordinates are not allowed to voice any criticism of their manager it also means that the manager has a high degree of freedom. We often get real corruption.

Sourcing is done from the sources and at the prices which give the highest kickbacks into the managers private economy.

The manager recruits sons and daughters of his neighbors and friends. The subordinates have to spend considerable amounts of their time to teach them the job.

Sometimes even consultants are related to the manager and some of them have little experience too. Subordinates even have to spend time on teaching consultants the job.

 

You turned 40. You can’t get a job any more. What can you do?

I met a lot of people who had an excellent career, after turning 35 or 40 for some arbitrary reason lost their job and to their utter surprise found it very difficult to get a new one. This is about how they solved the problem. 

For very many, the solution was to work as a contractor. In Sweden it is difficult to fire an employee, but it is normally easy to terminate a contract. This means that the power of a contractor is less of a threat to a hiring manager. Contractors also have a code of conduct. They are supposed to only do their own work, not build alliances or have opinions about things unrelated to this work.

It is fascinating that people can go unemployed for a long time. They are unable to get an employment, yet if they look for contracts, they can get very good contracts. One of them got a contract as production manager of a big share exchange. I guess he could charge at least the double compared to normal senior level contracts.

One got a contract in the Norwegian oil industry as a chemical risk engineer. Last time I saw him he had been on contract for 10 years and was charging 3 million SEK a year. Pretty good for someone who couldn’t find employment.

Another one had been an employee of Ericsson, but was fired. He is now back in Ericsson, working as a senior level consultant. Last time I saw him he had been on contract there constantly for three years. Himself , he would very much prefer to be employed with a normal engineers salary, at maybe a third of the cost for Ericsson, yet Ericsson prefers to hire him as a contractor. He is an expert in his field. Ericsson has to hire him.

A person I know worked for free as a contractor for several months. He was paid for a week of work but got good references. After this he got new contracts as technical project manager.

Another common solution was to become a teacher. Many found a new career as a teacher, some of them after additional education. My theory is that age discrimination is low in education and hospitals, and that the reason is that they are what Henry Mintzberg would call Professional Bureaucracies, which have very low hierarchies. According to my theory this means people at the bottom of the hierarchy are allowed to be more competent. In practice the teacher is his own manager. It is difficult for teachers to threaten the position of the headmaster.

One person I met, with a M Sc degree in electrical engineering and many years of successful career started on a new 7 year education to physician at the age of 45.

People within sales often had great difficulties. The problem generally is that products on which you can earn significant income often have long sales cycles. Many experienced salesmen are reluctant to restart their career as salesmen of simple products.

One person started working as a contractor with sales.

I think selling consultants or working with recruitment is sometimes a solution, because the sales cycles are short and the income still significant.

Some people started companies. One helped housing associations buy heat exchange facilities.

A person I know has been trying to start a new business with construction and sales of floating chemical factories for 10 years. When I last met him they still had not made any sale and he was running out of funds.

A group of people I know tried to start a business with low volume design and production of circuit cards. They did not manage, but when the designers started designing, salesmen started to sell and project managers started to lead projects at least one designer and the project manager found other work as contractors. I think if you update your knowledge and start working in your line of work it is easier to get a contract.

Several others tried to start companies but did not manage.

Well, some people actually got an employment after considerable time. The most prominent example is a 62 year old production manager in the food industry got a new good job as a production manager. He told me he had managed 157 projects during his long career.

Another person found work through contacts in his ice hockey club, but with wages about a half of his previous wages. He wanted to be employed. I think he would have easily got contracts at senior level. His income would have been at least tripled.

One person had been a product manager at Ericsson. An excellent engineer with 10 years as a product manager. He had a sales job in a small startup company last time I saw him. Unsecure, low wages and hard work, from what I think. What I think is interesting is that this guy found new friends and is working in what I would call the “new economy” of small companies and contractors. I guess in the long run he will be doing great.

 

 

Age Discrimination – A Theory

Many people I have met had an excellent career, after turning 40 they lost their job for some arbitrary reason, and to their utter surprise found it hard or impossible to find a new one.

I have a theory about why this happens, based on my experience in the software  industry.

A manager hires some young person from school. He is assigned work using some new technology, something the company did not do before.

The company can sell his services, they employ someone more to work on the same task, and select someone the first person can teach how to do the job, someone suitable to work under this first person.

Some years later the first person is a group manager. After some more years he is 30 and department manager with 60 subordinates, all under 30.

When someone is recruited there is usually more than one person immediately involved. It could be the line manager, a person in the HR department and one or more workmates.

Each person involved has two interests in mind, the company interest of hiring a competent person and the personal interest of not hiring anyone who could take a position over him on the social ladder or who could ever pass him. Each person is going to serve the company interest as much as he must and his own as much as he can.

Usually they all have to agree on an applicant or someone else is chosen.

As a result, the person hired is usually “smaller” than everyone involved in the recruitment process. Younger, less intelligent, less experienced, less educated and less socially competent.

Age discrimination is not primarily about age, it is about power, according to my theory. Power that could be used to move up the social ladder and move up in the company hierarchy.

Age is involved because, from what I think, age is important in the unconscious calculation we do in our minds to determine who has power in a group.

If we have a high rate of change and a habit to assign new tasks to inexperienced people it could explain this problem of finding work when you passed 40. There is still work using older technologies but personnel requirements are going down.

According to my experience, in companies with high hierarchies, since everyone has to be “smaller” than his immediate superior, the incompetence requirements at the bottom of the pyramid is often so high that the people hired are not able to do the job. The company hires contractors to do the actual job.

Many of the people who can not find employment can get work as contractors. Sometimes these contractors work for years for the same company at very high cost. Still the company does not want to have them as employees.

As contractors they have a code of conduct. They are supposed to just do their job. They are not supposed to build relations which would give them power unrelated to this job. If they do their contract can be immediately terminated.

As contractors they compete with bigger companies which mainly hire young people. In periods of lower demand the bigger companies get most contracts and it is hard for small companies with one or a few contractors to get contracts. When a contractor has been out of contracts for half a year or more, it is often difficult to find a contract again.

 

 

 

Kaerrtorp – vigilante justice in Sweden?

Sunday, December 15 the network Linje 17, denoting line 17 in the Stockholm subway, arranged a  demonstration in the Stockholm suburb of Kaerrtorp. The invitation says there are also other organizers from the neigborhood. As we can see of the invitation, the goal of Linje 17 is to prevent nazis to use the subway line 17. Is it a reasonable conclusion that this is a network of kids or extremely childish grown-ups? Groups of young people in gang wars of the kind you normally have when you are 7 years old?

About 200 people arrive to this demonstration. After a while about 30 members of the Swedish Resistance Movement(SMR) arrived at the scene. This is a militant right wing organisation. At the same time it became obvious that members of the Revolutionary Front(RF) were at the scene. The revolutionary front is a militant left wing organization.

These videos show the events unfolding in the center of Kaerrtorp, and how the SMR members where chased into the woods by the vigilantes. Here is one more video.

This picture shows how the police is trying to protect the SMR members from the vigilantes.

It is difficult to tell the main participants apart, but the activist group that mainly stays together and have shields is the SMR members. The activists fighting with white flagpoles are RF members.

What the demonstration repeatedly shouts would in English be “No nazi’s in our neighborhood”. When they are stopped by the police they shout what would be “Pig stop!”

My conclusion is that what we see is vigilante justice. The demonstrators created their own new law prohibiting SMR to be in this public place, and is enforcing it by violence.

International and Swedish media describes this as a peaceful demonstration attacked by the SMR. The RF presence is not at all acknowledged in the media.

In this statement all Swedish parties represented in the Stockholm county condemns political violence and harassment, specially mentions SMR, and does not mention RF or any other violent organizations. My interpretation is that they call for everyone to go out and demonstrate against racism and xenophobia.

Many of our leading politicians will participate in a huge demonstration in the same place next Sunday.

The discussion shows that the police were warned of clashes in Kaerrtorp, but didn’t react by assigning enough people.

This is election year. The new Swedish Democratic(SD) party, accused by other parties of racism and xenophobia, now has about 10% in the polls. Did the politicians deliberately create the clashes to create opposition against them? Do they want to create such a threat that SD is unable to find representatives?

How can the Swedish politicians and the Swedish press totally ignore the violent left wing participants in the demonstration? How can leading Swedish politicians take part in a demonstration with the aim of denying some inhabitants the human right of being in a public place? How can they demonstrate together with organisations with the goal of denying some inhabitants the right to use public transportation? How can they demonstrate together with the violent left wing organisations?

The Lundsberg Boarding School, Comments

The Lundsberg boarding school is generally considered one of the best and most attractive schools in Sweden, see for example this article. The school results as measured by the grades given to the students and their graduation frequency are well above average. The school is considered by the students as excellent and with extremely low levels of any kind of harassments. The numbers can be verified here. The standard investigation performed at all schools in Sweden and officially used to investigate the schools was performed by an external party.

The headmaster says he has reported all possible crimes during the last nine years after very many allegations about crimes not being reported. He says none of the reported crimes has even led to prosecution. I have been able to find information about three of these possible crimes, of four still uninvestigated at the police. It is a girl who felt forced to take off her own bra, a student who got bruises on his arms in a fight and two students who got burns from an iron. Only one of these two students was sent to hospital but was sent home the same day. Many Swedish schools have a high rate of serious crime.

The allegations against the school does not concern the school and its organisation but the behaviour of the students in their dorms where each student has a private room. The allegations come from intimate interviews with students. Information from these interviews have been reported and made public on the Internet. Allegations about mobbing, bullying and abuses come from these interviews.

This is the investigation clearing the school of allegations this spring. This is the recent investigation used as ground for closing the school.

Should the school inspection inspect the school organisation or the student behaviour when they are not in school? Did the school inspection violate the integrity of the school and the students? Should it be legal ground for closing schools that some school inspectors think students have been abused and think that the school did not do enough to prevent it? Should actual convictions for criminal abuse and convictions of the school for their responsibility in this criminal abuse be necessary to close a school?

The Swedish school system is in a crises after reports from universities about new students not understanding the teachers presentations in Swedish. This concerns students born and raised in Sweden. School results in international measurements are falling. Teachers have so many administrative burdens they have little time to prepare for classes. Problems with getting enough order in the classroom to allow learning are widespread.

The failure of the Swedish school system is generally blamed on our private schools. The allegations say the private schools get the best students and that this is the reason the county schools are bad. The private schools have better results. Parents and students are more satisfied. Research says if a private school is established in a region, not only does it get better results than the county schools, the county schools also get better results. The allegations thus seem false but they dominate the public opinion. A law allowing only nonprofit schools is widely discussed.

The private schools get more and more students and the existence of the county schools are now threatened. Lundsberg is one of these private schools. Does proponents of public schools now work together to get the very successful private schools stopped?

The three Swedish national boarding schools are supported by special laws. They get special subsidies. Students are allowed to pay fees covering lodging. Swedish private schools which get state funding are normally not allowed to charge students. The government is working on a change which would remove the subsidies and stop the possibilities to charge students. The national boarding schools would have to survive as private schools. Private schools which may well be prohibited in the near future.

Our liberal/conservative government is discussing nationalisation of the county schools. The reform some years ago of moving responsibility for primary schools and high schools to the counties is questioned and will possibly be reversed.

Does the government want to motivate the change of laws about the national boarding schools? Does it want to prepare public opinion for nationalisation?

The Lundsberg boarding school seems like a kind of power centre for the national elite. Is our liberal/conservative government attacking this elite? Does it support globalist interests against national elites?

In Sweden jealousy and hate against rich people is widespread and very appearant in the debate about Lundsberg.

Is jealousy, hate and political interest the only reasons behind the closure of Lundsberg?

Why is our liberal/conservative government considering close to total nationalisation of the school system after the success of private schools in Sweden and the failure of public schools?

Is our liberal/conservative government supporting a globalist interest of strict control of the school system to use it for indoctrination?